THE NATION: Waging Peace

In a series of speeches and statements last week, the nation's top military men and its top civilian officers set out to reassure Europeans, and anyone else who was listening, that: 1) the U.S. isn't trying to pick a war with Russia but 2) should war come, the West could defend itself without matching Russia man for man and gun for gun.

"We are not engaged in war, but in peace," Secretary of State Acheson told a congressional committee. The cold war "is not a good phrase and might well be dropped." In St. Louis, President Truman declared: "I wish...

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