Last June, spry old (70) James F. Byrnes emerged from retirement to make a pronouncement: "We are going down the road to statism," he warned. He added a few remarks that indicated unmistakably that the Southern states'-rights insurrectionists had found their most respectable spokesman yet.

In the ensuing months, Jimmy Byrnes kept talking and supporters kept coming, thicker than bullbats around the chimneys of his Spartanburg home on a summer evening. They thought he ought to run for governor. In October, Jimmy Byrnes issued a firmly equivocal statement: "If I conclude that as governor I could make a contribution ......

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