Medicine: Smoking & Cancer (Contd.)

A last-minute added attraction staged by a performer who previously had been most unwilling to get into the act stole the show at the A.M.A. convention. The star: the American Cancer Society's Statistician Edward Cuyler Hammond. His show-stopping material: figures proving that heavy cigarette smokers die younger than non-smokers—mainly from heart disease and cancer, notably cancer of the lung.

Dr. (of Science) Hammond, Yale professor of biostatistics, was little moved when Drs. Evarts Graham and Ernest Wynder reported their conclusion that long-term cigarette smoking can cause lung cancer (TIME, March 7, 1949 et...

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