JAPAN: Self-Defense Force

For one hour last week, in a villa by the sea, Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida and Progressive Party Chief Mamoru Shigemitsu conferred on a measure to give Japan new world stature as a sovereign nation. Then the two party leaders, the most influential men in Japan, issued a joint statement that Japan's defenses should be strengthened, "in view of the present world situation, and of the rising spirit of independence among Japanese people." The plan:

¶Japan's null National Safety Force, limited by Japanese law to the maintenance of "internal order," should be renamed "Self-Defense Force," and should be built up...

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