Against a blackening backdrop of despair, the U.S. outlined its new plan to try to save South Viet Nam (pop. 10.5 million) from Communism. The U.S. plan, debated for the past six weeks with French and Vietnamese, is much less ambitious than expected. Fundamentals:
¶ The unpopular French army, 125,000 strong, will be reduced to 70,000 in step-by-step withdrawals. They will be sped on their way by a 74% cut in U.S. aid.
¶ The shaky South Vietnamese army, 200,000 strong, will be cut to 90,000, reorganized and retrained by U.S. instructors,...