National Affairs: Three-Hat Harriman

Last spring and summer, in presenting its Mutual Security program to Congress, the Truman Administration insisted that its foreign aid operations were running as smoothly as a jeweled Swiss watch. Congress thought foreign aid administration needed major repairs. It did away with the ISAC (International Security Affairs Committee), which had the duty but not the authority to settle disputes between the State Department, Defense Department and ECA. Instead Congress created a Mutual Security Agency whose director would have policy control over both military and economic aid, and the power, through Cabinet rank, to make it stick. MSA would also take over...

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