Science: Diggers

The cave of Ghar Hotu lies near the North Iranian village of Turujan, just south of Behshahr, about three miles from the Caspian. In the remote past, the sea lapped at its entrance. Primitive men built fires there and stared out across the dark waters. One cool evening, thousands of years ago, disaster struck. The roof fell in, burying three of the cave dwellers in Pleistocene sand and gravel, and prehistoric ages piled sand and stone above their bones.

Last February, Dr. Carleton ("Cannonball") Coon, a University of Pennsylvania archaeologist who had made a...

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