Harry Truman did what not even Franklin Roosevelt had had the temerity to do. He ordered Douglas MacArthur to shut up. The President's summary order arrived in Tokyo shortly after midnight Monday morning. There, in his headquarters in the Dai Ichi building, General MacArthur made the only decision he could make. He silently saluted his commander in chief across 6,769 miles of land and ocean, and shut up.

But for what Harry Truman intended to accomplish, the order had been given too late. A statement by MacArthur, drawn with the obvious intention...

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