Amid the cheers of bankers and brokers, Harry Truman abruptly demoted Marriner Eccles from the chairmanship of the Federal Reserve Board last week. In the place of old New Dealer Eccles, the President put Thomas McCabe, chairman of the Philadelphia Federal Reserve Bank, president of Scott Paper Co. (tissues). In politics, McCabe is a Republican.

Why did Harry Truman do it? His motives were not too obscure. Eccles' term on the board ran to 1958, but his chairmanship was about to expire (Feb. 1). The small, greying boss of FRB had become increasingly...

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