Republican politicos, who know a tailor-made campaign issue when they see it, were happily trying one on for size last week. The fit was just about perfect. Last summer's Kansas City primary, in which President Harry Truman successfully purged Democratic Congressman Roger Slaughter—"If he's right," said Truman, "I'm wrong"—was shaping into a natty political scandal.

The scandal had been shaping up ever since the House Campaign Expenditures Committee and the Kansas City Star began investigating the primary day balloting last fall. They had discovered plenty of evidence of fraud at the polls, demanded that the Justice Department look into it....

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