Rio's Communists blew their horns and the notes were echoed from the provinces. The Party had accomplishments to report and it seized an occasion—the 48th birthday of its magnetic leader, Luis Carlos Prestes—to tell the world. Throughout Brazil, at dozens of picnics and other celebrations, the comrades sang such ideological lyrics as "Take off your shirt, Joe, the time of Fascism has passed."* They also saluted the past year's items of progress: 1) emergence as the Hemisphere's largest Communist Party (120,000 militant members); 2) collection of $600,000 for bigger Party newspapers; 3) pro-labor...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!