Some of the early New Dealers made names for themselves. Henry Morgenthau Jr. made notes. When at last he was eased out of the Treasury in July, 1945, he took his candid diary with him—all 250,000 pages of it.

Many another man in public life had saved scraps of paper as the basis for memoirs. But never had such a man squirreled away so great a hoard of data against the long, cold winter of private life. By last week, 872 black-bound volumes, averaging 300 pages apiece, lined three walls of Morgenthau's Manhattan office. A stack of material...

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