CHINA: War & Peace

The Nationalist Government made eleventh-hour efforts for peace. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek proposed a five-man supercommittee (headed by U.S. Ambassador J. Leighton Stuart) to work out a plan for a coalition government with the Communists. The Communists agreed to participate on the committee if they were left undisturbed in North China. Since the Communist grip on North China —and on the main railroad arteries—was a major issue between Yenan and Nanking, this condition was not so simple as it seemed.

While the peacemakers dickered, China's civil war raged on. Both sides announced important...

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