The big news in Washington and all across the land was the astonishing speed with which the U.S. was returning to the ways of peace.

Wartime controls were lifted faster than the most hopeful had ever expected. War-born bureaus cut their staffs with vigor (WPB was down to 11,000 from a high of 23,000). Said WPBoss "Cap" Krug: ''The way to get going is to get going."

Throughout the capital it was the same. Businessmen and contractors hardly recognized the place. Some came to Washington expecting to stay weeks to tie up the loose ends of wartime business. Instead, they returned...

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