International: Modan City

Of Tokyo's seven million people, four million were gone. Most of them were still hiding in rural areas, whence they or their immediate ancestors had come. Nearly a hundred thousand were dead beneath the bombings.

The broad, modern streets, planned after the 1923 earthquake as both thoroughfares and firebreaks, stretched emptily. The squalid, crooked back alleys, so planned three centuries ago by the Shogun Ieyasu for defensive fighting, no longer crawled with humanity.

Only 10% of the city's streetcars had survived eight years of war. They rattled slowly through the streets, crowded with men...

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