ITALY: Split

After months of crisis, Socialist delegates from all over Italy gathered last week at their 28th National Socialist Congress in Rome to choose between 1) Communism, which is Socialism's most extreme form, and 2) moderate Socialism, which is democracy's most extreme compromise. Communism won.

For nearly two years, Socialist Boss Pietro Nenni had carried on his policy of collaboration with the Communists. Eventually it must lead to complete fusion, but Nenni first needed a showdown with the anti-Communist elements in his party. As the Congress opened last week, Communist observer Umberto Terracini put it this way: "We have come here...

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