BRAZIL: Big Show

Along the slim crescent of Rio's Copacabana Beach, rockets burst in the deep night sky. At midnight, booming cannon proclaimed the inauguration day of Brazil's new President. Later, under a sweltering sun. stocky, Go-year-old Eurico Caspar Dutra marched into handsome, marble Palacio Tiradentes, solemnly took the oath of office.

To the sweating, tail-coated foreign envoys (including U.S. Special Ambassador Fiorello H. LaGuardia), flower-hatted society women in the balconies, and thou sands of holidaying cariocas in the streets, Old Soldier Dutra spoke briefly, and vaguely. He promised a democratic regime, a new constitution,...

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