Science: Harness for the Nile

The River Nile, which has controlled the lives of millions of men in the last 7,000 years, may soon be completely controlled by man. After years of bickering, the British and Egyptian governments have agreed to start a system of dams on the upper tributaries which will eventually turn the unpredictable Nile into an obedient, dependable slave.

The trouble with the Nile has always been its irregularity. Most of the year it flows sluggishly far below its banks. But between July and October, a great gush of muddy water floods the narrow, fertile valley. For the ancient Egyptians, who did not demand...

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