AVIATION: Light & Dark

"Africa," said Juan Trippe magniloquently, "will no longer be the Dark Continent." To help illuminate it, Trippe's Pan American Airways last week started direct service between New York City and Johannesburg, via the Azores and Dakar. The new route, 1,000 miles shorter than the old one via Lisbon, will reduce flying time to about 44 hours. Round-trip fare: $ 1,616.48.

The interior of the U.S. was still dark to Pan American. Over two years ago, after domestic airlines began flying some of Pan Am's once exclusive foreign routes, Pan Am asked the Civil...