LABOR: New Tack

There was a time when the C.I.O.'s highhanded, Red-tinted National Maritime Union could & would tie up a ship at the drop of a seaman's swab. Last week, when the United States Lines' S.S. America docked in New York with a sizzling labor dispute aboard, company officials prepared for the worst. The union's delegate, a wiry, intense ship's electrician named Walter Avellar, had served an ultimatum: either the company fired Chief Crew Steward W. S. McDonald and reinstated two seamen, or the ship would not sail. Roared grim-jawed, grim-tempered Commodore Harry Manning: "They can tie this ship up until hell...

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