Mississippi tried a new racial tactic. In last week's Democratic primaries, prospective voters could be required, under a state law passed last March, to swear their faith in "party principles." In Mississippi, Democratic party principles not only mean white supremacy, but include opposition to federal antilynching, anti-poll-tax and fair employment practices laws. The new law was frankly designed to keep Negroes from voting.

It did, more or less. Besides, the day was sizzling hot, with temperatures up to 106°. But the few Negroes who showed up at the polls were mostly permitted...

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