THE CONGRESS: The 80th Congress

As the New Year opened, the survival of Western democracy rested, at bottom, on the case the U.S. would make for it; on a strong, stable and friendly America depended the stability of the Western world. This week, as the U.S. Congress prepared to convene, the world watched with hope, suspicion and respect.

The Republicans, now majority members for the first time in 14 years, were in a businesslike mood. In their own words they wanted to "get things done, go home and give the people a breather." They were acutely aware that...

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