Like a conscience, Harold Ickes is sometimes a nuisance to have around. Last week the President got rid of him.

As soon as he cleans out his personal files, jammed with some 500 old speeches and thousands of letters, he will be gone. And that will be the end of his 13 years as Secretary of the Interior—a longer time than any other secretary before him had held the job.

His long public career began in Chicago, where he worked his way through the University of Chicago, had a try at journalism, got a law...

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