Art: Addition v. Subtraction

There are two ways of sculpturing—modeling and carving. Examples of each method were in the news last week.

In London, bumptious, brilliant Jacob Epstein unbared his new Lucifer (see cut) which looked something like a winged cigar-store Indian. It was less likely than his prodigiously progenitorial Adam to be exhibited by others for a cheap pornographic thrill (TIME, April 29, 1940). Lucifer had been modeled in clay, then cast in bronze, possessed the refined detail peculiar to modeled figures.

Epstein says modeling is "the creating of something out of nothing. An actual building up...