The Germans managed their surrender with a skill which will plague the victors for years to come. No Wehrmacht campaign was ever planned to deadlier purpose, executed with greater cunning.

The Mission. The twilight rulers of Germany preached to the last that the German people and armies were the enemies of Russian Bolshevism, the defenders of western civilization. Upon this powerful and insidious theme, they based the whole edifice of surrender.

The Strategy. To a disturbing degree, they succeeded in their strategy of separate surrender. True, a Russian signed the first general surrender at Reims; British and U.S. officers signed the...

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