National Defense: Seventy-three Fathoms Down

Off the U.S. Navy's base at Portsmouth, N.H., three submarines appeared one morning last week for practice dives in the Atlantic. The O-8, the O-9, and the O10 belonged to a class of the smallest (480 tons), oldest (1918) Submarines in the Navy. Age wears submarines faster than any other class of naval vessels, and the eight O-boats would never have been recommissioned, after years of discard, unless World War II had made it absolutely necessary for the Navy to train new crews as fast as possible.

Aboard the O-9 were Lieut. Howard J....

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