Religion: Catholics v. the Axis

In two countries the Roman Catholic Church last week clearly aligned itself against the Axis:

> In Belgium Joseph Ernest Cardinal van Roey, Archbishop of Malines, and five other bishops issued a pastoral letter strikingly parallel to the pro-Allied pastorals of the late great Cardinal Mercier which kept up the morale of occupied Belgium during World War I. Angry Nazis promptly closed every Belgian church for three days but the pastoral circulated regardless. In it the six prelates recognized the Nazis only "as a de facto power," proclaimed that "the Belgian fatherland continues to...

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