World Battlefronts: Aces

Nazi reports agreed on this: Commodore Colonel Walter Oseau, the Luftwaffe's third ranking fighter ace, had been killed in combat with a U.S. Thunderbolt pilot. On his record there was a sharp disagreement: some communiques credited Oseau with 116 Allied planes, some with 177.

For Allied airmen this confusion, plus the size of even the smaller claim, underlined the old puzzle of how the Luftwaffe manufactures its aces. Does it falsify the scores? Does it include planes destroyed on the ground? Does it employ tactics saving the sure "kill" for the top...