The contrast showed which one knew India. Two months ago Mohandas K. Gandhi said: "The world will feel my plans." Last week, with Gandhi and his Indian National Congress party leaders in jail, the India Office in London said: "Reports from authorities in India state that the situation is completely in hand. . . . There is no indication of any widespread mass movements. . . ."

Riots and killings, the whip and executions mean disorder; the spread of boycotts, strikes, sullenness and turmoil mean a mass movement. The India Office, not for...

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