Education: Two-Year Bachelors

University of Chicago will award a bachelor's degree after two years of college. So announced Chicago's bold young President Robert Maynard Hutchins last week. It was one of the most revolutionary moves in U.S. collegiate history, for the B.A. has stood for a four-year college education ever since the first class graduated from Harvard in 1642.

Chicago's act capped a trend already widespread among U.S. colleges: separation of the first two years of college from the last two. At Chicago it took form as the Chicago Plan, introduced in 1931. Under it, freshmen and...

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