U.S. At War: Judgment Day

The judgment was harsh. It was also measured. It made clear that the U.S. was not hunting a scapegoat for a defeat. The report of the President's five-man investigating commission told finally how the disaster occurred at Hawaii (see cols. 1-2) and it placed the blame, for "dereliction of duty," squarely upon Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lieut. General Walter C. Short, the commanders on the spot.

A civilian, Justice Owen J. Roberts of the Supreme Court of the United States, headed the commission and gave its report a judicial tone. The rest of the commission was well equipped to supply...

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