Books: When the Wall Crumbled

THE DEVIL IN FRANCE—Lion Feuchtwanger—Viking ($2.75).

SCUM OF THE EARTH—Arthur Koestler —Macmillan ($2.50).

These are two records of personal suffering written by two anti-Nazi-intellectuals caught in France by the war. Feucht-wanger—author of Power, The Ugly Duchess and other notable novels—was a peace-loving, contemplative Jew of 57. Except for the stench of Naziism in his nostrils, he had no interest in politics, little sense of events to come.

"Nine years ago," he writes, "I was sitting in my house in the Grunewald in Berlin. I had my books around me. . . . I was content. I...

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