Medicine: From Birth Control to Fertility

One cloudy October morning, a long line of women in shawls, some of them holding babies, formed before a tenement in the slums of Brooklyn. When the doors were flung open, a young nurse with red hair welcomed the women in. Thus did Mrs. Margaret Sanger open the first U.S. birth-control clinic, 25 years ago last week.

For eight days, hundreds of mothers crowded the little clinic. But on the ninth day came a woman "large of build and hard of countenance"—a police spy. Next day the clinic was raided. Mrs. Sanger and her sister,...

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