Religion: Old Adam

Germany's Rev. Martin Niemöller was immured nearly two years ago in Sachsenhausen concentration camp for his leadership of un-Nazified Confessional pastors. Pastor Niemöller, who was a U-boat commander in World War I, offered the Fatherland his services in World War II (TIME, Oct. 2). His offer was refused. Last week Pastor Niemöller's second offer to fight was rejected, by Grand Admiral Erich Raeder himself.

An explanation of Niemöller's militancy was offered by lank, twinkling-eyed Karl Barth, Swiss-born theologian who greatly influenced the Confessional group before his exile from Germany. Barth, famed for his...

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