SYRIA: Boiling Pot

The dreams of a great unified, Arab Near Eastern State—so carefully fostered by Great Britain's warrior-statesmen in 1914-18—were wrecked in the subsequent peace treaties by European "divide-&-rule" policies. Men like Lawrence of Arabia believed, led the Arabs to believe, that with the defeat of Turkey and the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire one great homogeneous Arab nation of essentially the same race, same religion, same culture, would stretch from the southern borders of the Anatolian plateau to the fantastically shaped rocks of Aden.

Colonel Lawrence's promises were largely forgotten in post-War...

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