Religion: Outward Testimony

At the funeral of the Austrian Chancellor, Engelbert Dollfuss, murdered by Nazi conspirators in 1934, hollow-eyed, handsome Theodor Cardinal Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna, delivered a eulogy. Cardinal Innitzer described the killing as the "crime of a heathenish political group," flatly declared that "those who after these events are still supporting the Nazis are excluding themselves from civilization." When, four years later, Nazi conquerors rolled into Vienna, His Eminence allowed the swastika to fly over St. Stephen's Cathedral, signed a pastoral letter urging Austrian Catholics to vote Nazi in the subsequent plebiscite.

Although...

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