In San Francisco's Superior Court last week Charlotte Anita Whitney, 68-year-old daughter of a onetime State Senator and niece of a U. S. Supreme Court Justice appointed by Abraham Lincoln, was convicted of "false swearing" to signatures on Communist petitions for a place on the ballot, faced a possible sentence of six years in prison.

Up to last year Californians had never troubled to enforce their election law which requires circulators of petitions to swear that they have personally witnessed the affixing of each signature. But in November 1934 jittery citizens were...

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