LABOR: Black Bill

For the past three years the five-day week (40 hours) has been steadily spreading through U. S. Industry as a voluntary reform. The American Federation of Labor agitated the movement in & out of season. The American Legion backed it with a nation-wide radio campaign. Progressive employers publicized their adoption of it (TIME, April 27, 1931; Oct. 24). Both major political parties endorsed it in their campaign platforms. President Hoover put it into practice in the Federal Government as an economy measure. Its whole purpose is to share and spread employment.

Suddenly last week the five-day week movement bounded far...

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