For three score years and nine Mexican patriots have scanned occasionally the Constitution of 1857, militantly transfused into the new Constitution of 1917, and wondered if Mexico would ever be strong enough to enforce the anti-foreign clauses of those highly pan-Mexican documents.

President Calles has deemed Mexico potent enough to defy the foreigner at last. He secured passage for bills enforcing the anti-foreign land and oil exploitation clauses of the Constitution of 1917, as the present year opened (TIME, Jan. 25). He ordered the expulsion of all foreign clerics (TIME, Feb. 22),...

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