LABOR: The Twelve-Hour Day

The twelve-hour shift in industry will not stay out of the news. Every week some new organization or group of investigators declares the twelve-hour day dangerous, inhuman, and unnecessary, and at least every other week Judge Gary or one of his technical experts denies the charge. The history of the movement against the twelve-hour shift shows that criticism of industries using the long work day is becoming more and more conservative and respectable. At first only a few radicals and professional muckrakers protested. Then the American Federation of Labor began a...

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