Pediatrics: Why Babies Die

Of the 70,000 babies born in the U.S. last week, the great majority will grow into normal, healthy children. But 1,600 or so will die before their first birthday—an annual total of 80,000. Anxious to reduce that toll, the Federal Government's National Institute of Child Health and Human Development chose last week—when baby-food manufacturers were celebrating National Baby Week—to stage an Atlantic City seminar with the somber title "Why Babies Die."

On one point there could be no disagreement. By far the commonest cause of premature death is premature birth, the reason for which is usually unknown except in cases...

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