Theology: What Is Baptism?

Infant baptism is under fire. The most recent attack on this traditional Christian practice comes from West Germany, where 350 Evangelical (Lutheran) churchmen have petitioned the Rhineland synod to abandon the rubric requiring infant baptism and let parents decide when their children should undergo the ceremony. To give the demand more weight, 50 pastors in Germany have publicly indicated that they will not baptize their own children.

Some of the protesters merely object to the abuses of infant baptism, but oth ers go much farther, saying that baptism is only meaningful when...

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