Spain: Experiment with Democracy

Spain has not held a direct parliamentary election since the Civil War engulfed it in 1936. Last week, as one of several liberalizing steps taken recently by Generalissimo Francisco Franco, the country prepared for at least a token return to democratic rule. It opened a national campaign that will end Oct. 10 when Spaniards take the unaccustomed step of going to the polls.

Under the new Constitution, 65 of the 563 seats in Parliament will still be chosen personally by el Caudillo. Two weeks ago, Franco stopped off in Madrid from a summer...

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