Nigeria: Declaration of Independence

Nigeria is dead.

We are Biafrans.

In the dawn's early light, the chant echoed through the streets of Enugu, the capital of Eastern Nigeria. Because Nigeria has been a troubled land of late, the word of its demise was not a total surprise—although perhaps premature. But who were the Biafrans?

Taking its name from the Bight of Biafra, a coastal inlet, Eastern Nigeria had finally carried out its threat to secede from Nigeria and become an independent state. Lieut. Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu, 33, the East's regional governor, announced the step and unfurled the banner...

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