Argentina: Grumbling in the Barracks

The man most responsible for the existence of constitutional civilian government in Argentina last week abruptly handed his resignation to President Arturo Illia. Juan Carlos Onganía, 51, the austere general who made Illia's 1963 election possible, stepped down as army commander in chief. Ongania said that he was leaving because he objected to the President's choice for a new Secre tary of War. But insiders knew that the resignation climaxed months of behind-the-scenes friction between Illia and his army chief—and was a sign of trouble ahead.

Three years ago, in the months...

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