Archaeology: Backward into Prehistory

One look at the bulging buttocks of the squat female figurine and British Archaeologist James Mellaart recognized a Stone Age fertility symbol; the dig he was starting on a plain in southern Turkey promised to open a door onto the most ancient reaches of human civilization. Mellaart treated every crum bling bit of dirt as a hard-to-read book, and after three years of diligent scratching through the 32-acre mound called Qatal Hiiyiik, he is now piecing together the story of a city that flourished at least 3,000 years before the first Pharaoh...

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