Civil Rights: Changing the Guard at Justice

In 1960, Attorney General Robert Kennedy made up his mind that he wanted a cool lawyer, not a fiery liberal, to run the Justice Department's infant civil rights division. The more Kennedy searched, the more he heard about one man: Burke Marshall, a young antitrust lawyer in Washington's biggest law firm, Covington & Burling. But so laconic was the shy, frail Marshall that his first meeting with Kennedy was a disaster. "I blew it," Marshall later told his wife. She was not surprised. "A very, very quiet man," she once called him. "I wasn't sure he even liked me until...

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