Behavior: Majority Minority

ALTHOUGH 51% of Americans are female, women face many of the problems of a minority. Only 1% of the nation's engineers are women, 3% of its lawyers, 7% of its doctors. For the same jobs, women's pay is often less than half that of men, and nearly one-fifth of employed women with a B.A. have jobs in such categories as clerks, factory workers and cooks. Moreover, the status of American women is, in many ways, deteriorating:

— Median wages and salaries of fully employed men were $4,713 in 1957, as compared with $3,008 for women. In 1968, men's income had risen...

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