Britain: Mrs. Castle's Recipe

Because a foreman dared to turn on an oil valve, 22 toolsetters from a rival union recently stalked out of Britain's Girling company, a large manufacturer of brakes. That started a disastrous chain reaction. For lack of brakes, automobile companies had to close several plants and lay off thousands of workers. Ford Motor Co., Ltd., alone lost an esti mated $50 million in sales during the four weeks that the walkout lasted.

Such piddling labor disputes badly disrupt Britain's fragile economy and damage its drive to strengthen the pound by raising exports. Last...

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