Poverty: Help for the Hard Core

Sylvester Motley, 39, spent eight years in the Missouri State Penitentiary for bank robbery. He has been out 61 years, and until recently the most he was able to earn for his wife and two sons was $83 for a 60-hour work week as a taxicab company supervisor. Today he earns $4.20 an hour as a worker for St. Louis Millstone Construction Inc., averaging $160 a week. David Mapson, 36, spent 15 years in the Ohio Penitentiary for armed robbery, and could not hold a regular job. Now, at Cleveland's Ford foundry, he earns $3.50 an hour, and with...